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Rodney A. Brooks is the Panasonic Professor of Robotics and director of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Working at the forefront of robotics technology, he seeks to understand how intelligence emerges from interaction with the real world. With his MIT students, he has built Cog and Kismet, prototypical humanoid robots capable of learning from experience. His ultimate goal is to build a living machine. A native of Australia, Dr. Brooks was graduated from Flinders University. He received a Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University in 1981 and held research positions at Carnegie Mellon University and MIT before joining the Stanford faculty in 1983. He returned to MIT the next year and was appointed Fujitsu Professor of Computer Science in 1996, a post he held until being named to his present chair last year. Dr. Brooks is the co-founder and chief technology officer of iRobot Corporation. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, he is a founding fellow of the American Association of Artificial Intelligence. He is also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Association for Computing Machinery, as well as a corresponding member of the Australian Academy of Science. He was the recipient of a Computers and Thought Award at the 1991 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Dr. Brooks has delivered the Cray Lecture at the University of Minnesota, the Mellon Lecture at Dartmouth College, and the Hyland Lecture at the Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California. He was the co-founding editor of the International Journal of Computer Vision and is a member of the editorial boards of Adaptive Behavior, Applied Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Robots, and New Generation Computing. In addition to publishing some sixty-five articles in scientific journals and serving as the co-editor of two volumes, Dr. Brooks is the author of four books. In his latest study, Flesh and Machines (Pantheon, 2002), he outlines the history and development of robotics and discusses future prospects for the relationship between robots and humankind.

Professor of philosophy and director of the Turing Archive for the History of Computing at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand,
B. Jack Copeland also heads the academic program in philosophy and religious studies at Canterbury. He was educated at the University of Exeter, where he studied physics then philosophy and took first class honors, and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he was the only student in 1976 to earn a B.Phil. with distinction. He received his D.Phil. in mathematical logic from Oxford in 1979. Dr. Copeland was on the faculties of universities in Australia and the United Kingdom before joining the University of Canterbury philosophy faculty in 1985. He has been a visiting scholar at the University of California at Los Angeles, a visiting research fellow at Georgetown University, a visiting professor at the universities of Sydney, Aarhus, Melbourne, and Portsmouth, and a senior fellow of the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is president of the U.S.-based Society for Machines and Mentality. In June of 2004, the 50th anniversary of Alan Turing’s death, he delivered the first annual Turing Memorial Lecture at Bletchley Park National Museum and lectured on Turing’s life at the Royal Institution of London. He is the founding editor of the Rutherford Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology and serves on the editorial boards of Minds and Machines and of the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. In addition to publishing more than one hundred articles in academic journals and chapters in volumes of collected works, he is the author of Artificial Intelligence: A Philosophical Introduction, published in 1993 by Blackwell (a second edition is forthcoming in 2007) and subsequently translated into Hebrew and Spanish, a study in which he weaves together material from several disciplines to explore the possibility of machines having free will and consciousness and also considers in what sense the human brain may be a computer. He served as editor of Logic and Reality: Essays on the Legacy of Arthur Prior (1996) and co-editor (with Per Hasle, Peter Øhrstrom, and Torben Braüner) of Papers on Time and Tense (2003), a new edition of Prior’s influential book. Dr. Copeland’s other books include The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life (2004), Alan Turing’s Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker’s Struggle to Build the Modern Computer (2005), and Colossus: The Secrets of Bletchley Park’s Code-Breaking Computers, which was published earlier this year by Oxford University Press (OUP). Two forthcoming books, Turing’s Machines and (with Diane Proudfoot) A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy of Religion, also will be published by OUP.