Purpose

One of the world’s leading researchers on the cognitive psychology of memory, Daniel L. Schacter, the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Psychology at Harvard University, has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of the nature of memory. His work has demonstrated how memory is constructed and influenced by multiple factors that include emotions, beliefs, and life events—and some of the reasons for its fragility. Recent studies he has carried out at the Harvard memory lab that bears his name concern how memory is used to imagine or simulate possible future events. A graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Dr. Schacter earned a Ph.D. in psychology at the University of Toronto in 1981 after pursuing research in experimental psychology at Oxford University as a visiting scholar. He remained at Toronto as an assistant professor of psychology for six years, then moved on to the University of Arizona as an associate professor of psychology, and was named a full professor in 1989. He went to Harvard as a professor of psychology in 1991 and was appointed to his present position in 2002. Dr. Schacter chaired Harvard’s psychology department for ten years. He has been a visiting professor at the Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London and has held a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship. A member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Society of Experimental Psychologists (SEP), the Neurosciences Research Program, and the Association for Psychological Science. His numerous awards include the Arthur Benton Award of the International Neuropsychological Society, the Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology in Human Learning and Cognition given by the American Psychological Association (APA), the NAS’s Troland Research Award and its Award for Scientific Reviewing, the Harvard-Radcliffe Phi Beta Kappa Teaching Prize, the James McKeen Cattell Fund Award, a MERIT Award of the National Institute on Aging, the APA’s Presidential Citation and its Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology, the Distinguished Lecturer Award of the Swedish Neuropsychological Society, and the SEP’s Howard Crosby Warren Medal. Dr. Schacter serves on the governing board of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, the scientific advisory board of the Center for Law, Brain and Behavior at Massachusetts General Hospital, and the scientific advisory board of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Disorders at Macquarie University. He is currently an associate editor of the Annual Review of Psychology and on the editorial advisory boards of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Cognitive Neuropsychology, Consciousness and Cognition, Learning & Memory, Memory, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, Neuro-Psychoanalysis, Psychological Science and the Public Interest, the Review of General Psychology, and the Year in Cognitive Neuroscience. Recognized by the Institute for Scientific Information as the most frequently cited researcher in psychology for the period 1986 to 1990, Dr. Schacter has published more than 400 papers in scientific journals or in volumes of collected works. He is the editor or co-editor of twenty-three books, including fifteen volumes of the Annual Review of Psychology, and the author or co-author of five other books, including Stranger Behind the Engram: Theories of Memory and the Psychology of Science (1982 and 2001) and two widely-used textbooks (with Daniel Gilbert and Daniel Wegner): Psychology (2009 and 2011) and Introducing Psychology (2011 and 2013), which were both published by Worth. His Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past (1996), which won the William James Book Award given by the Society for General Psychology and the APA and was recognized among the Notable Books of the Year by the New York Times Book Review and among the Best Science and Technology Books of the Year by the Library Journal, has been translated into nine languages. Dr. Schacter’s second book for a general audience, The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers (2001), which discusses categories of memory errors and has been translated into thirteen languages, also won the William James Award and was named by Amazon.com as among the Best Books of 2001.

 

Michael Welker is a senior professor in the Theological Faculty of the University of Heidelberg and director of the university’s Research Center for International and Interdisciplinary Theology (FIIT). Renowned as a systematic theologian, he is an ordained minister in the Evangelische Kirche der Pfalz (Protestant Church of the Palatinate). Dr. Welker works through the biblical traditions and through philosophical and sociological theories to address questions of contemporary culture. Warning against a reductionist systematics that can block, as well as guide thought, he has focused on the interplay among religious, legal, moral, scientific, and other cultural codes that shape the ethos of the postmodern world. His work is exceptionally wide-ranging, and he has recently considered problems of pluralism in societies, cultures, and canonic traditions, as well as exploring notions of human personhood in pre-modern, modern, and contemporary periods. A graduate of the University of Tübingen where he studied with Jürgen Moltmann and earned a doctorate in theology in 1973, Dr. Welker received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Heidelberg in 1978. He was professor of systematic theology in the Theological Faculty of the University of Tübingen from 1983 to 1987 and, for the next four years, he held the chair in Reformed theology in the Theological Faculty of the University of Münster before returning to Heidelberg as professor and chair of systematic theology, a position he held until his retirement in 2013. He also served as director of the university’s Internationales Wissenschaftsforum for a decade. He has held an honorary research fellowship at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Religion at the University of Chicago Divinity School and has been a visiting professor at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and the Princeton Theological Seminary, as well as a guest professor at the Harvard Divinity School, on the Divinity Faculty at Cambridge University, and at the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory University. A member of the Heidelberg Academy and a corresponding member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Dr. Welker has served on the board of advisors of the John Templeton Foundation. He is a member of the editorial boards of Evangelische Theologie, Jahrbuch für Biblische Theologie, Journal of Law and Religion, Process Studies, Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, and Verkündigung und Forschung. The author of some 350 papers published in scholarly journals and in volumes of collected works, he has written or edited fifty books. Among his latest books are: Theologische Profile: Schleiermacher—Barth—Bonhoeffer—Moltmann (2009), The Theology and Science Dialogue: What Can Theology Contribute? (2012), and God the Revealed: Christology (2013). Dr. Welker’s latest thinking on the kind of bridge building between realms of knowledge to which he has been a major contributor for decades can also be found in two new edited volumes, The Spirit in Creation and New Creation: Science and Theology in Western and Orthodox Realms (2012) and (with Gregor Etzelmüller) Concepts of Law in the Sciences, Legal Studies, and Theology (2013), and three books published in 2014: The Depth of the Human Person: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Wm. B. Eerdmans), (with Jürgen von Hagen) Money as God? The Monetization of the Market and its Impact on Religion, Politics, Law, and Ethics (Cambridge University Press), and The Science and Religion Dialogue: Past and Future (Peter Lang).