Nicola S. Clayton
Celia Deane-Drummond
Robert A.Foley
Nigel R.Franks
John F. Haught
Richard E. Lenski
George R. McGhee, Jr.
Karl J. Niklas
Michael Ruse
Anthony J. Trewavas
Hal Whitehead
Gregory Allan Wray

© Royal Ontario Museum.
Credit: D.H. Collins.
The fossils of the Burgess Shale quarry are a window on our past. The soft-bodied organisms preserved there, like the Sanctacaris pictured above, is from the middle Cambrian Period, some 500 million years ago when there was an explosion of new forms of animal life on Earth. The Sanctacaris is from an early group of arthropods that gave rise to sea urchins, horseshoe crabs, and spiders.

© Royal Ontario Museum.
Reconstruction by Marianne Collins.

A reader in comparative cognition at Cambridge University, Nicola S. Clayton specializes in animal cognition. She works at the interface between ethology, experimental psychology, and neuroscience. Her research is currently focused upon whether food-storing animals, especially birds and rodents, can plan for the future as well as recall past events. She also is analyzing the complex cognitive strategies used by some birds to protect their hidden food stores from potential thieves. Educated at Pembroke College, Oxford, where she was a Domus Scholar and took an honors degree in zoology, Dr. Clayton earned a Ph.D. in bird song at St. Andrew’s University in 1987. She studied at the University of Bielefeld in Germany on an Alexander von Humboldt Scholarship and a Royal Society Post-doctoral Fellowship, and she then held a SERC Post-doctoral Fellowship and a Linacre College Junior Research Fellowship at Oxford University followed by a ten-year AFRC University Research Fellowship in Oxford’s zoology department. Dr. Clayton joined the faculty of the University of California, Davis, as an assistant professor of neuroscience, physiology, and behavior in 1995 and was named chair of the Animal Behavior Graduate Group in 1999 and a full professor in 2000. Returning to England later that year, she was appointed a tenured university lecturer in the Department of Experimental Psychology at Cambridge and named to her present position in 2002. For the past four years, she also has served as a tutor and director of studies in natural sciences at Clare College, Cambridge. Her research has been supported by grants from British and American government agencies as well as from private foundations. Dr. Clayton was formerly a consulting editor for Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Neurosciences and an associate editor of the Journal of Ethology. She currently serves as an associate editor of Animal Behaviour, Ibis, Learning and Motivation, and the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, as well as on the editorial committee for Biological Reviews. A frequent contributor to radio and television programs on science, Dr. Clayton has published more than 100 papers in scientific journals and volumes of collected works.

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