The distinguished particle physicist and author John Charlton Polkinghorne, the winner of the 2002 Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries About Spiritual Realities, has been a leading figure in the dialogue of science and religion for more than two decades. His most recent work explores links between Trinitarian theology and the developing and relational universe that his earlier work helped us to better understand. Ordained a priest in the Church of England in 1982, Dr. Polkinghorne took up his new vocation in mid-life after playing a role in the discovery of the quark, the smallest elementary particle of matter. A graduate of Cambridge University, where he was a fellow of Trinity College and earned a Ph.D. in theoretical physics in 1955, he was forty-eight years old when he resigned his Cambridge professorship of mathematical physics to begin studies at Westcott House, an Anglican seminary in Cambridge. He went on to serve as a curate in a working-class parish in South Bristol and as vicar of Blean, a village outside of Canterbury. In 1986, he accepted a call to return to Cambridge as dean of the chapel at Trinity Hall, and in 1989, he was named president of Queens' College, a position he held until his retirement in 1996. A Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the Society of Ordained Scientists, Dr. Polkinghorne was granted the senior Sc.D. degree by Cambridge in 1974 in recognition of his contributions to research and has received honorary degrees from the universities of Kent, Exeter, Leicester, and Durham in the United Kingdom, as well as Marquette University in the United States. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1997 and is currently a fellow of Queens'. He also serves on the board of advisors of the John Templeton Foundation. In addition to an extensive body of writing on theoretical elementary particle physics, including most recently Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2002), he is the editor or co-editor of four books, the co-author (with Michael Welker) of Faith in the Living God: A Dialogue (2001), which has been translated into Korean and Chinese, and the author of fourteen other books on the interrelationship of science and theology in which he explores questions about God's action in creation. Among them are: Belief in God in an Age of Science (1998), a volume composed of his Terry Lectures at Yale University; Science and Theology (1998); Faith, Science and Understanding (2000); Traffic in Truth: Exchanges between Theology and Science (2001); The God of Hope and the End of the World (2002); and Living with Hope (2003). His latest study, Science and the Trinity: The Christian Encounter with Reality (Yale University Press, 2004), is based on his Warfield Lectures at Princeton Theological Seminary and represents a new stage in the science and religion conversation in which the author deeply engages a specifically Christian subject. Allowing theological concerns to shape the argument, Dr. Polkinghorne addresses the nature of God—and suggests that divine perfection lies in God's ever appropriate relationship to changing creation.
John D. Zizioulas is a Greek Orthodox bishop and theologian whose
book, Being as Communion (1985), has been highly influential among
Western scholars seeking to recover a view of Christian community
as more than a conglomeration of individuals. His work is often
considered a paradigmatic example of relational anthropology in
theology. At the heart of his theology is ecclesiology, but his
ecclesiology rests primarily on an ontology of the person, which
is derived from his deep reflection on the nature of the Trinity.
In addition to his scholarly writing, he has long been active in
ecumenical affairs. As Metropolitan of Pergamon, he represents the
Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople on international church
bodies and has led theological dialogue with the Roman Catholic
Church and the Anglican Communion. His commitment to
ecumenism preceded his ordination as an Orthodox priest and
bishop in 1986 and arises from his image of the Church's
catholicity, a unity based on the presence, above all in the Eucharist,
of the person of Christ. He also has played a major role in
promoting Orthodox involvement in environmental issues.
Metropolitan John is a graduate of the University of Athens, where
he received a doctorate in theology in 1965. He studied patristics
at the Harvard Divinity School, earning a master's degree in sacred
theology, and was a fellow at Dumbarton Oaks Center for
Byzantine Studies. For several years, he served as secretary of the
Commission of Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches
in Geneva. He was professor of systematic theology at the
University of Glasgow for fourteen years and, subsequently, at
King's College, University of London, and the University of
Thessaloniki until his recent retirement. Metropolitan John has
been a visiting professor at the University of Geneva and at the
Gregorian University in Rome. He served as honorary director
of the Ecumenical Institute of the Society for Ecumenical Studies
and Inter-Orthodoxy Relations at the University of Thessaloniki.
In addition to numerous articles published in theological
journals and Being as Communion, he is the author of Eucharist,
Bishop, Church (1965 and 1990), which was published in English
by Holy Cross Orthodox Press in 2001.