in a computer simulation consists of exponentially large domains,each of which has different laws of physics (represented by colors). Sharp peaks are new “big bangs”; their heights correspond to the energy density of the universe there. At the top of the peaks, the colors rapidly fluctuate, indicating that the laws of physics there are not yet settled. They become fixed only in the valleys, one of which corresponds to the kind of universe we live in now.

—Andrei Linde
“The Self-Reproducing Inflationary Universe”
The symposium is part of the Templeton Foundation’s Humble Approach Initiative. The goal of the initiative is to bring about the discovery of new spiritual information by furthering high-quality scientific research. The “humble approach” is inherently interdisciplinary, sensitive to nuance, and biased in favor of building linkages and connections. It assumes an openness to new ideas and a willingness to experiment. Placing high value upon patience and perseverance, it retains a sense of wondering expectation because it recognizes, in Loren Eisley’s haunting phrase, “a constant emergent novelty in nature that does not lie totally behind us, or we would not be where we are.” A fundamental principle of the Foundation, in the words of its founder, is that “humility is a gateway to greater understanding and open[s] the doors to progress” in all endeavors. Sir John Templeton believes that in their quest to comprehend ultimate reality, scientists, philosophers, and theologians have much to learn about and from one another. The humble approach is intended as a corrective to parochialism. It encourages discovery and seeks to accelerate its pace.

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