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Widely acknowledged as one of the foremost paleontologists of his time, Simon Conway Morris is professor of evolutionary paleobiology at Cambridge University. He has devoted his research career to the study of the 510-million-year-old Burgess Shale, found near the village of Field in the Canadian Rockies, and related fossil‑rich formations. In his acclaimed 1998 study, The Crucible of Creation, he re-interpreted the soft-body fauna found in this remarkable shale as evincing the preeminent role of convergence in evolution. His demonstration that many of the Burgess Shale animals are related, albeit remotely, to modern forms supports the theory that similar solutions are found to the same kind of environmental challenges in independent lines and places and impugns, as seriously incomplete, the reductionist viewpoint that the present-day world arises as the result of chance past events. In Life’s Solution: Inevitable Humans in a Lonely Universe (2003), he extends his argument and builds his case for the inevitability of numerous evolutionary outcomes on a foundation laid by Charles Darwin himself in Origin of the Species, the epochal work to which critics have compared Life’s Solution. Dr. Conway Morris concludes that large-scale features of the history of evolution “are congruent with a Creation”—and he helps restore humanity’s place at its center by his insistence that intelligence is not a fluke, though a life-friendly planet like Earth may be unique. A graduate of the University of Bristol, where he took first-class honors in geology, Dr. Conway Morris went on to Cambridge and studied at Churchill College with Harry Whittington, the first re-interpreter of the Burgess Shale, on a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Studentship. He was elected a research fellow of St. John’s College in 1975 and received his Ph.D. in evolutionary paleobiology the next year. Appointed a lecturer in earth sciences at The Open University in 1979, he returned to Cambridge as a lecturer four years later and was promoted to his current chair in 1995. Dr. Conway Morris is a fellow of the Royal Society, an honorary fellow of the European Union of Geosciences, and a member of the board of advisors of the John Templeton Foundation. He has delivered numerous invited lectures throughout the United Kingdom, Europe, Asia, Canada, and the United States, including the Gifford Lectures at the University of Edinburgh in 2007 and, in 2009, the keynote address at the International Conference on the Cambrian Explosion in Banff, which marked the one hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the Burgess Shale. Among many honors, he has been awarded the Walcott Medal of the National Academy of Sciences, the Charles Schuchert Award of the Paleontological Society of the United States, Yale University’s George Gaylord Simpson Prize, the Lyell Medal of the Geological Society of London, the Kelvin Medal of the Philosophical Society of Glasgow, and the Ide and Luella Trotter Prize given by Texas A&M University. Dr. Conway Morris holds honorary doctorates from the University of Uppsala and the University of Hull. He contributes frequently to general magazines and encyclopedias and to radio and television programs on science. The author of more than one hundred research papers, he has served as editor of five books, including The Deep Structure of Biology: Is Convergence Sufficiently Ubiquitous to Give a Directional Signal? (2008), (with John D. Barrow, Stephen J. Freeland, and Charles L. Harper, Jr.) Fitness of the Cosmos for Life: Biochemistry and Fine Tuning (2008), and (with Ruth M. Lyden-Bell, John D. Barrow, John L. Finney, and Charles L. Harper, Jr.) Water and Life: The Unique Properties of H20 (2010). In addition to The Crucible of Creation, which was translated into Japanese and has been reprinted seven times, and to Life’s Solution, he is the author of four other books, including, most recently, The Runes of Evolution: How the Universe Became Self-Aware, a definitive synthesis of evolutionary convergence published in June by Templeton Press, in which Dr. Conway Morris illustrates how the ubiquity of convergence hints at an underlying framework whereby many outcomes are virtually guaranteed in any Earth-like planet.